Tips for Discussing Medical and Financial Issues with Your Aging Parents
Your parents are getting on in age, but you don’t have a clear idea if there is a plan in place for their care. It is a difficult topic to broach; no one wants to talk about death and the financial realities that come with aging. Instead of having a proactive conversation with your aging parents early on, most families have a reactive discussion under high levels of stress and emotions while their parent is experiencing an adverse health event. The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) has reported that 85 percent of time long-term care decisions are made during a medical crisis. The message is clear: be proactive and start discussing the important financial questions with your aging parents.
5 Tips for Having a Proactive Financial/Medical Planning Discussion with Your Aging Parents
1. Prepare Yourself
Your parent will feel more comfortable and at ease if you have processed your feelings before talking to them. Conduct research so that you are knowledgeable enough to present a clear and concise set of options for your aging parents. Having options allows a parent and family to make decisions and feel in control of the process. You are seeking progress, not perfection. It may not all become settled in one conversation, but the price of silence about your parent’s plan may be very costly to you.
2. Review Documents
Two of the most critical personal legal documents that your aging parents should have are are a durable power of attorney (DPOA), and a medical power of attorney (MPOA). All older adults should have these documents, as it gives legal authority to a designated representative to make financial, legal, and health care decisions on your parent’s behalf. If your parent does not have a DPOA and becomes incapacitated, you will have to go to court to get appointed as your parent’s guardian which can be a complicated legal process at a time when your energy is better spent in the care and decision making for your parent. If they do not have a DPOA and MPOA in place, make arrangements for them to meet with a trusted elder law attorney to properly draft the legal documents.
Often a parent will have a will, retirement account information and insurance policies that have not been revisited or updated in years, sometimes decades. When was the last time your parent reviewed beneficiary designations? Family circumstances change, and the birth of a child, death or divorce can affect how your parent may want beneficiaries designated. It is best to review financial and insurance data annually with your parent and make adjustments if necessary. For example, if the parent’s children are grown it might be best to cut back on the amount of life insurance they carry to save money on annual premiums.
3. Discuss Options for Long-Term Care
Address the issue of long-term care. According to PBS, a full 70 percent of all seniors will need some long-term care as they age. Even if your parent is healthy today, odds are they will require long-term care eventually … and the costs are staggering. Some life insurance companies will add a long-term care rider to an existing policy. Medicaid also can cover some long-term care costs, but neither standard health insurance nor Medicare will cover your parent’s long-term care expenses.
4. Meet the Team
Ask your parents about their financial advisors, and request a brief introduction to them. Find out who they are and how you might contact them in the event your parents are unable to do so. This information will allow you to keep an eye on your parents’ accounts and be confident the advisors are trusted, objective and well versed in elder financial issues. Oversight by you in a slightly detached way provides your aging parents with privacy and independence about their finances, but allows you to protect them from unscrupulous advisors.
5. Understand the Filing System
The last thing you need to discuss is where this vital information is filed so that before a crisis hits you know where to find the important documents, online passwords, and forms of ID you will need to facilitate your parent’s well-being. While you do not have to see all the specific contents of the information, particularly the financials, knowing where they keep the data is critical in a crisis. Remember that as your parent ages they may start to change the location of the information. Check with them a couple of times a year to ensure the information is still in the same place and physically look to be sure it is.
McDonald Law Firm is here to help.
Discussing your aging parents ‘ financial and medical strategy is best begun while they are healthy. Proactive planning is the best way to help your family as your parents age. Contact Andre O. McDonald, a knowledgeable Howard County estate planning, special-needs planning, and Medicaid/long-term care planning attorney, at (443) 741-1088 to schedule a no obligation consultation to discuss how we can help you and your family.
DISCLAIMER: THE INFORMATION POSTED ON THIS BLOG IS INTENDED FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND IS NOT INTENDED TO CONVEY LEGAL OR TAX ADVICE.