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3 “Super Powers” Every Trust Protector Should Have

What powers does a trust protector need?

Today, many estate plans in Maryland contain irrevocable trusts that will continue for the benefit of a spouse’s lifetime, and then for the benefit of several generations.  Since these trusts are designed to span multiple decades, it is important that they include a trust protector who will have the ability to adjust the trust provisions as circumstances, beneficiaries, and governing laws change.


What is a Trust Protector?


A trust protector is an individual, or group of individuals, who are given the power to ensure that the purposes and goals of the creator of an irrevocable trust are ultimately fulfilled. In Maryland, it is common for this person may be a family member or friend (typically someone who is not a beneficiary or trustee of the trust), an unrelated trusted advisor, or a group of these individuals acting by majority or unanimous agreement.  The choice of who to name as the trust protector will depend on the trust creator’s wishes and the intended duration of the trust.


What Powers Should a Trust Protector Hold?


A trust protector can be given as few or as many powers as the trust creator desires.  While it may be tempting to give the trust protector a wide array of powers to deal with every possible future circumstance, the trust creator should carefully consider the specific purposes and goals for their trust, and only give him or her powers that will further those purposes and goals.


Regardless of a trust creator’s intent, below are three powers that all trust creators should consider giving their trust protectors:


  1. Power to Amend Trust Provisions. Some irrevocable trusts that are intended to continue for multiple generations begin as revocable trusts that only become irrevocable after the trust creator dies, or at some other time in the future.  If the trust creator fails to update the trust due to changes in circumstances, beneficiaries, or governing laws while the trust is still revocable, a trust protector can fix these issues after the trust becomes irrevocable.


  1. Power to Add, Remove and Replace Trustees. Giving this power to the trust beneficiaries may defeat the trust creator’s intent since the beneficiaries may be inclined to hastily remove a trustee who does not give in to their each and every request. Instead, a trust protector can take an objective look at the trustee’s actions or inactions and determine if the trust creator’s intent is being fulfilled or derailed.


  1. Power to Change Trust Situs and Governing Law. While Maryland is certainly a wonderful place to live, it is impossible to predict where the beneficiaries and trustees of an irrevocable trust will live in the future. Therefore, this power is critical to ensure that the trust will continue for as long as the trust creator intended and with minimum tax consequences.  Giving this power to the trust protector will allow an objective party to determine if the change will be beneficial or is necessary.


Final Thoughts on Trust Protectors


In Columbia, MD and beyond, including a trust protector in an irrevocable trust agreement or a revocable trust agreement that will become irrevocable at some time in the future is critical to the success and longevity of the trust.  Nonetheless, the trust protector should only be given powers that will insure the purposes and goals of the trust creator are ultimately fulfilled.


If you are interested in adding a trust protector to your trust or would like to have the trust protector provisions of your trust reviewed, please call McDonald Law Firm at (443) 741-1088 to schedule a consultation with Andre O. McDonald, a knowledgeable and experience Howard County estate planning attorney.




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For help with estate planning, special needs planning or elder law throughout Howard, Montgomery, Prince George’s, Anne Arundel, and Baltimore County; and Baltimore City, contact McDonald Law Firm, LLC.

McDonald Law Firm, LLC

Columbia Office

10500 Little Patuxent Pkwy, #420
Columbia, MD 21044-3563

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7315 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 800 West
Bethesda, MD 20814

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Washington, DC 20037

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